考情速遞|沃邦獨家首發8月北美SAT考情回顧


來源:   時間:2019-08-26 15:44:09

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閱讀部分

閱讀第一篇
文章:Dance of the Happy Shades
作者:Alice Munro
大意:文章用沉重的筆調主要講述女人的愛的快樂和痛苦,大意是女主人很喜歡辦musical party,但是她媽媽嫌年紀大了不喜歡。中間大概說女主人辦的party很混亂沒有以前好了,后面講了一下大家已經不喜歡上音樂課了,但是女主還沉浸在自己的理想音樂夢里。
 
閱讀第二篇
文章:Getting out the Vote
作者:Suprlys Syal and Dan Ariely
大意:講以前都以為大家不愿意vote是因為沒意識到投票的重要性,只要讓大家意識到就愿意投了。文章指出一個新發現,就是放人們在大家都投票的context里就會更有利敦促人們投票。
 
閱讀第三篇
文章: Human Activities Boosts Brain Size in Animals
作者:Stephanie Mao
大意:動物的腦子越變越大。有兩種可能性,一是營養的問題讓動物腦子變大,二是因為人類的活動讓動物的認知技能增強,所以腦子變大。文章中的實驗證實了這個可能性,同時這樣的觀點歷史上也證實過。文章最后指出還需要進一步的實驗來衡量結論的可靠性。
 
閱讀第四篇 
第一篇
文章:Oration on the Celebration of the Anniversary of independence July 4 1793
作者:Henry Brackenridge
第二篇
文章:Americans No.1
作者:Alexander Hamilton
大意:說的是法國是盟友,美國人要好好幫助法國人;第二篇說法國這趟渾水美國人不要參與,只會給自己帶來風險。
 
閱讀第五篇 
文章:Ancient Volcanic Explosions Shed Light on Mercury’s Origins
作者:Brown University
大意:講火山爆發的痕跡能夠推斷出當時水星的情況。說是星球上的crater可以測出年紀,這樣就能大概知道水星上的火山爆發大概是什么時候發生的。實驗表明火山的爆發不是在水星剛形成的時候就有了,而是過了一段時間,而且持續了相當長的時間。
 

語法部分

語法第一篇  
第一篇: Rock and Roll en Espanol
文章內容:講西班牙的一個人發展出了和英美不一樣的搖滾樂。第一段是講本來在阿根廷和烏拉圭有一種音樂 然后第二段是說那里的人收到了西方音樂的影響 比如the beatles 然后就產生了這種叫那兩個法語詞的音樂 然后第三段講這種本來只有阿根廷和烏拉圭的音樂傳入了其他各國 提到了mexico britain america 最后一段說 這種音樂在步入了modern時代 然后就有一些音樂人在它的基礎上 融合了各種其他元素來演奏。
考點:標點符號、固定搭配be known for、時態題、詞匯題indiscriminate/diverge/distinct/individual,固定搭配be known for
 
語法第二篇 
第二篇:A Plant’s Response to Temperature
文章內容:講花開和temperature之間的關系,植物會根據溫度調節授粉和花開的時間
涉及考點:maintain style題型(選項有sign of universe, environmental cue, mother nature’s message, natural…),語言簡潔度題(選項有:low-temperature plants, plants exposed to low temperature,…), 2道圖表題, 過渡句,總結句,逗號隔開插入語,平行結構,形近詞affect/effect
 
語法第三篇 
第三篇:Science says
文章內容:講的是科學家不僅要有什么什么能力,還需要有communication skills。交流能力能幫助他們和別的科學家交流,還能把他們的文章讓不是專業領域的人更容易看懂,幫助他們拿到贊助。
涉及考點:標點符號、平行結構、比較結構等。
 
語法第四篇
第四篇:Gwen Ifill’s Legacy
文章內容:是關于黑人女記者幫助提升黑人選舉權以及她的晉升之路。
涉及考點:固定搭配題When she was______journalism…(選項有A.starting up at, B. at the start in, C. to start at, D. starting out in),標點符號、句子插入語、材料增刪題、詞匯題。
 

數學部分

總體概述 
數學部分普遍反應比較簡單。代數部分主要考察了一次函數方程及斜率含義,二次函數頂點,指數計算和指數函數參數含義等知識點。幾何部分主要考察了圓的方程。統計部分考察了Survey過程中樣本和總體的一致性。
 

作文部分

考題原文 
How to Save both Elephants and the Ivory Trade
BY GODFREY HARRIS (Los Angeles Times / JULY 21, 2014)
 
Because of British currency restrictions enacted just before World War II, my father had to come up with an innovative way of getting his cash out of England when, fearing a German invasion, we immigrated to the United States. He settled on silver. Before leaving, he purchased all the Georgian silver objects he could find, with the idea of selling them once the family reached America.
 
A few months after we arrived, he opened the Harris English Silver Co. in Manhattan. While wartime rationing made many everyday items difficult to obtain, the demands of holidays, birthdays and anniversaries still required special gifts. Antique silver answered that need for many New Yorkers.
 
By 1944 my father had made more than enough to move the family to California, where he sold most of the remainder of his original inventory. Things were going so well that he decided to take a buying trip to England in 1948, and he took me along as his 11-year-old assistant. At each antique shop we visited, he would slowly survey the goods on display, identify the pieces of particular interest, and then have all the items brought together in one spot where he could inspect them. I was told to pick out anything that caught my eye and bring those pieces, too, to the central collection point.
 
I soon found that the pieces I gravitated to — boxes, doll house furnishings, knife rests, small carvings, writing implements, hand tools and the like — tended to have one thing in common: They were nearly all made of ivory.
 
When the shipment from that buying trip reached Los Angeles, my father gave me most of the items I had selected, and that was the start of my ivory collection. After becoming a U.S. diplomat, I added to these original items during trips abroad. And I soon became fascinated by the different uses to which ivory has been put — some practical, because of the material’s special properties, and some decorative, because of its unusual beauty.
 
Ivory pieces, like other artistic expressions, reflect the time and cultures that produced them. That’s one of the main reasons people collect artifacts of any sort: to preserve the best examples of cultural expression.
 
Today, however, ivory collections like mine — and ivory collectors themselves — are being vilified. The current debate in Washington over ivory policy has far less to do with protecting elephants than it does with satisfying the assumptions of animal rights groups, making things simple for government officials and accommodating the special wants of hunters and the special needs of musicians and museum curators. Collectors have little voice in the debate, and their collections have been likened to blood diamonds or denigrated as vanity indulgences. Any harm that American collectors suffer from the new regulations has been dismissed by Dan Ashe, director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, as collateral damage for the greater good of saving elephants.
 
Ashe has issued an order that virtually eliminates all trade and movement in the United States of objects made from or with ivory — no matter their origin, age or provenance — by requiring unimpeachable, detailed documentation on the ivory contained in a piece. To buy, trade or sell such pieces, collectors must have original bills of sale or repair invoices or proof of the year of importation into the United States. No collector and very few antique dealers can produce that kind of documentation, especially since none of it was required at the time most of the pieces were imported or purchased. How many treasures inherited from a relative or given as gifts come with written proof of where they came from or how they got here?
 
These draconian new rules have not been promulgated casually. Ashe believes that virtually ending all trade in African ivory in the United States — thus sending a message that ivory is valueless — is the best way to protect African elephants from the ravishes of poachers.
 
But that’s unrealistic and unproven. Today’s poaching problem has its roots in East Asia, where there is still a strong demand for and an active trade in new ivory objects. Demonizing older ivory objects to discourage possession of newer versions of similar items will not bring back the mammoths or save modern elephants from the economic forces that drive poachers.
 
Indeed, the International Ivory Society, on whose advisory board I sit, believes that taking valuable ivory objects out of circulation will only increase the market price for raw ivory abroad and put elephants in even more danger than at the present.
 
Everyone is rightly concerned with the plight of African elephants and the horrors that poachers are inflicting on herds across the continent. All of us want to find the right solution to stabilize elephant populations in Africa through sound economic and conservation policies. But the answer must not come at the expense of collectors who play such an important role in preserving important, interesting and revelatory objects in our cultural history.
 
Godfrey Harris heads a public policy consulting firm in Los Angeles and is principal representative of the Political Action Network of the International Ivory Society.
  
文章的作者從個人經歷說起,然后點出象牙制品在文化傳承上的意義。但是作者話鋒一轉,說到象牙制品貿易者被過度妖魔化,然而同時其在相關公共討論上處于弱勢地位。接著,作者認為美國政府新頒布關于保護大象的法律是不切實際的,因為它不能解決根本的需求問題(東亞的市場巨大)。同時,該政策只會讓天然象牙價格上升。最后,作者呼吁要采取更合理的措施解決偷獵象牙的問題。值得注意的是,這篇文章的基本立意和16年11月亞太真考文章非常相似,都說到在象牙保護方面“市場價格和文化價值”兩個考慮因素。
 
該文思路清晰,詞句較為簡單,所以學生一般理解應該問題不大(而且大部分學生都看過16年10月亞太的真題原文,同時我們在課堂上也分析過該文)。論證手法可以分析其counter-argument或者concession的手法。論據部分可以分析作者本身的身份,因為作者是長期象牙貿易從業者以及國際象牙協會的一員,所以其對象牙貿易以及象牙制品的價值了解非常深刻,所以其觀點非常可信。
 
同時要值得提醒的一點是,該文并不是簡單地說道我們應該要去保護象牙或者是保護動物這方面的意義,更多的是呼吁大家理性思考保護象牙的措施,不能盲目一刀切。

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